Archive for the Fatawa Category
In light of the Holy Qur’ân and Sahih Hadeeth and in the Opinions of the great scholars
From the Qur’ân (This tafseer is Agreed upon by Ibn Kathir, Al-Qurtubi and At-Tabari).
The Noble Qur’an
Surah Al-Ahzaab, Verse #59
‘O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (“Jalabib”) veils all over their bodies (screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way Tafseer Al-Qurtabi) that is most convenient that they should be known (as such) and not molested: and Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.”
Surah An-Nur, Verses #30 and #31
‘And Say to the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or one eye or dress like veil, gloves, head cover, apron), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)
The scholars of the Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa (al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa.) stated:
It is haraam for male and female students and teachers to mix in educational institutions, because of the fitnah and provocation of desires and immoral conduct that results from that. The gravity of the sin is compounded if the female teachers and students uncover any part of their ‘awrahs or wear see-through or tight clothing, or if the students or teachers flirt or joke together, which may lead to transgression of limits and violation of honour.
Fataawa Islamiyyah, 3/102,103
Shaykh Muqbil said on page 206 of Tuhfatul Mujeeb:
“So taqleed is not allowed, and those who allow the average person’s taqleed of a scholar than we say to them: What is the proof? Furthermore, who are more (in number)? The average people or the scholars? Rather the average people are more.
So if we don’t oblige them in sticking to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger (S) then the Christians will come and make them doubt about the religion or the Ba’thi or the Raafidhi or the Communist will do so. Furthermore a group went out to fight with their swords along al-Mukhtaar bin Abee ‘Ubayd ath-Thaqafi who claimed prophethood, and a group went out to fight with their swords alongside the Khawaarij about whom the Prophet (S) said:
“They are the dogs of the hellfire,” “They pass through the religion as the spear passes through prey.”
QUESTION: Many Islaamic societies suffer from the problem of mixed education between boys and girls, which they have inherited from the time of colonisation or from the practice of copying western civilisation. What are the dangers of mixed education and how can we rid ourselves of it?
Can a father force his daughter to work in a mixed environment?.
Praise be to Allaah.
Working in mixed environments is not free of the risk of some haraam things happening, such as looking, being alone with a person of the opposite sex, or feeling attracted. Hence the scholars have issued fatwas stating that it is haraam, based on what usually happens. It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (12/156):
Mixing of men and women in schools and elsewhere is a great evil and has serious implications for people’s religious and worldly interests. It is not permissible for a woman to study or work in a place where men and women mix, and it is not permissible for her guardian to allow her to do that.
These are hard realities indeed, but it does not help our situations to maintain blindness in respect of the Truth. May Allah aid us in implementing Islam in all aspects of our lives. For many of us living in the West, mixing is so common-place, so ingrained in our daily lives, it seems almost quaint to refer to what seems like such a non-issue.
Muslim women and their daughters in western countries where there are Muslim minorities face very difficult circumstances in that education and work are mixed environments. We are caught between two possibilities. Either we cut-off our provision, stay at home and beg and as a result sink to a very desperate material condition, or, alternatively, wear our Islaamic hijaab and study and work in those societies which do not differentiate between mixing and separation. What is your esteemed opinion concerning this matter?