On Taqleed (Blind Following)

Shaykh Muqbil said on page 206 of Tuhfatul Mujeeb:

“So taqleed is not allowed, and those who allow the average person’s taqleed of a scholar than we say to them: What is the proof? Furthermore, who are more (in number)? The average people or the scholars? Rather the average people are more.

So if we don’t oblige them in sticking to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger (S) then the Christians will come and make them doubt about the religion or the Ba’thi or the Raafidhi or the Communist will do so. Furthermore a group went out to fight with their swords along al-Mukhtaar bin Abee ‘Ubayd ath-Thaqafi who claimed prophethood, and a group went out to fight with their swords alongside the Khawaarij about whom the Prophet (S) said:

“They are the dogs of the hellfire,” “They pass through the religion as the spear passes through prey.”

And nations went out with their machine guns and canons to fight with the Socialists and nations fought alongside the Ba’this. And our Islaamic Society was not lost except due to taqleed. So we must oblige the people in following the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger (S).

Allaah, the Exalted said: “Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord and do not follow any walis other than Him, little do you give thought.” [al-‘Araaf 3]

The FOUR IMAMS on Taqleed (excerpted from introduction of Albaanee’s “The Prophet’s Prayer Described”

1) Imam Abu Haneefah (rahimahullaah)

The first of them is Abu Haneefah Nu’maan ibn Thaabit, whose companions have narrated from him various sayings and diverse warnings, all of them leading to one thing: the obligation to accept the Hadeeth, and to give up following the opinions of the imaams which contradict it:

1. “When a hadeeth is found to be saheeh, then that is my madhhab.”[20]

2. “It is not permitted[21] for anyone to accept our views if they do not know from where we got them.”[22]

In one narration, “It is prohibited[23] for someone who does not know my evidence to give verdicts[24] on the basis of my words.”

Another narration adds, “… for we are mortals: we say one thing one day, and take it back the next day.”

In another narration, “Woe to you, O Ya’qub[25]! Do not write down everything you hear from me, for it happens that I hold one opinion today and reject it tomorrow, or hold one opinion tomorrow and reject it the day after tomorrow.”[26]

3. “When I say something contradicting the Book of Allaah the Exalted or what is narrated from the Messenger (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam), then ignore my saying.”[27]

(2) Imam Maalik ibn Anas (rahimahullaah)

As for Imaam Maalik ibn Anas, he said:

1. “Truly I am only a mortal: I make mistakes (sometimes) and I am correct (sometimes). Therefore, look into my opinions: all that agrees with the Book and the Sunnah, accept it; and all that does not agree with the Book and the Sunnah, ignore it.”[28]

2. “Everyone after the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) will have his sayings accepted and rejected – not so the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam).”[29]

3. Ibn Wahb said: “I heard Maalik being asked about cleaning between the toes during ablution. He said, `The people do not have to do that.’ I did not approach him until the crowd had lessened, when I said to him, `We know of a sunnah about that.’ He said, `What is that ?’ I said, `Laith ibn Sa’d, Ibn Lahee’ah and `Amr ibn al-Haarith narrated to us from Yazeed ibn `Amr al-Ma’aafiri from Abu `Abdur-Rahman al-Hubuli from Mustawrid ibn Shaddaad al-Qurashi who said, `I saw the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) rubbing between his toes with his little finger.’ He said, `This hadeeth is sound; I had not heard of it at all until now.’ Afterwards, I heard him being asked about the same thing, on which he ordered cleaning between the toes.”[30]

3) Imaam Shaafi’i (rahimahullaah)

As for Imaam Shaafi’i, the quotations from him are most numerous and beautiful[31], and his followers were the best in sticking to them:

1. “The sunnahs of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) reach, as well as escape from, every one of us. So whenever I voice my opinion, or formulate a principle, where something contrary to my view exists on the authority of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam), then the correct view is what the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) has said, and it is my view.”[32]

2. “The Muslims are unanimously agreed that if a sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) is made clear to someone, it is not permitted[33] for him to leave it for the saying of anyone else.”[34]

3. “If you find in my writings something different to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam), then speak on the basis of the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam), and leave what I have said.”

In one narration: “… then follow it (the Sunnah), and do not look sideways at anyone else’s saying.”[35]

4. “When a hadeeth is found to be saheeh, then that is my madhhab.”[36]

5. “You[37] are more knowledgeable about Hadeeth than I, so when a hadeeth is saheeh, inform me of it, whether it is from Kufah, Basrah or Syria, so that I may take the view of the hadeeth, as long as it is saheeh.”[38]

6. “In every issue where the people of narration find a report from the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) to be saheeh which is contrary to what I have said, then I take my saying back, whether during my life or after my death.”[39]

7. “If you see me saying something, and contrary to it is authentically-reported from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam), then know that my intelligence has departed.”[40]

8. “For everything I say, if there is something authentic from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) contrary to my saying, then the hadeeth of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) comes first, so do not follow my opinion.”[41]

9. “Every statement on the authority of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) is also my view, even if you do not hear it from me.”[42]

4) Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahimahullaah)

Imaam Ahmad was the foremost among the Imaams in collecting the Sunnah and sticking to it, so much so that he even “disliked that a book consisting of deductions and opinions be written.”[43] Because of this he said:

1. “Do not follow my opinion; neither follow the opinion of Maalik, nor Shaafi’i, nor Awzaa’i, nor Thawri, but take from where they took.”[44]

In one narration: “Do not copy your Deen from anyone of these, but whatever comes from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) and his Companions, take it; next are their Successors, where a man has a choice.”

Once he said: “Following[45] means that a man follows what comes from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) and his Companions; after the Successors, he has a choice.”[46]

2. “The opinion of Awzaa’i, the opinion of Maalik, the opinion of Abu Haneefah: all of it is opinion, and it is all equal in my eyes. However, the proof is in the narrations (from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) and his Companions).”[47]

3. “Whoever rejects a statement of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) is on the brink of destruction.”[48]

 

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