Shaykh Uthaymeen on Mixing in University

Full Fatwa from Islam QA

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked:

Is it permissible for a man to study in a mixed university where men and women mix in one classroom, knowing that the student has a role to play in calling people to Allaah?

He replied:

What I think is that it is not permissible for anyone, man or woman, to study in a mixed school, because of the grave danger that it poses to his chastity, integrity and morals. No matter how great a person’s integrity, morals and innocence, if a woman is sitting beside him on the seat – especially if she is beautiful and unveiled – he can hardly avoid fitnah and evil.

Everything that leads to fitnah and evil is also haraam and is not permitted. We ask Allaah to keep our Muslim brothers safe from such things which will only bring evil, fitnah and corruption to their youth. If there is no other university apart from this one, he should go and study in another city or country where this mixing does not happen

I do not think that this is permissible but others may have a different opinion.

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22 Responses to “Shaykh Uthaymeen on Mixing in University”

  1. SubhanAllah, perfect timing.

    Jazaaki Allah Khayr for the posting.

  2. Bint Abdir Rahman Says:

    SubhanAllah! I cannot avoid this because I live in the West and there is no university in the country I am in but they are all mixed. I cannot make Hijrah on my own as I need a mahram.

    Jazak’Allahu khairan for the post though.

    • Actually sister you can either get married or try making Hijrah for the sake of Allaah without a Mahram. I believe there is a rokhsah for this as an exception.

  3. it is not easy for a single sister to get married. meanwhile she has to work and still learn her deen.

  4. Umm Talha Says:

    Dear Sister Bint Abdir Rahman,

    Regardless of where we find ourselves, it is our duty as Muslims to submit perfectly to the Will of Allah, wherever we find ourselves.

    I can testify to the fact that it is possible to avoid mixing in the West (though this is not an endorsement for staying in Dar-Al-Kufr). This is a common argument that people put forth to justify their passive acceptance and participation in activities that are contrary to the shar’iah.

    For the Muslim woman, to leave the safety of her home justifiably she has to meet certain conditions, such as:

    (1) Complete Hijab
    (2) Necessity
    (3) No Free mixing

    Also, keep in mind the following verse from Al-Ahzab:

    “It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allâh and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allâh and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a plain error. (Al-Ahzab 33:36)”

    Also, remember the dua’ of Nabi Yusuf, alayhi salam, when he was beset with trials:

    ~ He said:”O my Lord! Prison is more to my liking than that to which they invite me. Unless You turn away their plot from me, I will feel inclined towards them and be one (of those who commit sin and deserve blame or those who do deeds) of the ignorants.” (Yusuf 12:33)

    And lastly,

    ~ Allâh burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. ” (Al-Baqarah 2:286)

    Barak Allahu Feekum Jamee’an

    – Umm Talha

  5. Umm Talha Says:

    Indeed, where are the torture chambers?

    Due to which we abandon our faith?

    (Abraham) said: “And who despairs,

    of the Mercy of his Lord, Except

    Those who are Astray?” [15:56]

    And Allah has set forth an example for those who believe,

    the wife of Fir’aun (Pharaoh), when she said:

    “My Lord! Build for me a home with You in Paradise,

    and save me from Fir’aun (Pharaoh) and his work,

    and save me from the people who are Zalimun

    (polytheists, wrong-doers and disbelievers in Allah).” [66:11]

    And what an excellent example, was she.

  6. umm khalid Says:

    jazakumallah khairan i agree fear the dunya

  7. Bint Abdir Rahman Says:

    Jazak’Allahu Khayrah sisters for your replys.

    May Allah reward you. I totally believe and understand what you say however, how can one practice this in Dar-ul-Kufr?

  8. Umm Talha Says:

    Short Answer = make your intention to make hijrah (and work for it). In the meantime, do not work or go to school in a mixed setting. Simply put, it is haram, and not a place for a Mu’min.

    As Sh. Yahya Al-Hajoree says, don’t expect to emerge pure from such a setting. Rather, you will emerge toppled over and weak (in your iman).

    When it comes to University, if you’re not willing to be creative (i.e. seek alternative means to get your education), I would say just get out. Because this Dunya and all it contains is not worth earning the anger of Ar-Rahman.

    Verily, the Promise of Allâh is true, let not then this (worldly) present life deceive you, nor let the chief deceiver (Satan) deceive you about Allâh. [31:33]

    This last point may seem unreasonablly constrictive now, but Subhan’Allah – contemplate for a minute the regret you would feel standing before your Rabb on Yamm Al-Qiyamah. How pathetic would our excuses and “logical reasoning” seem then (i.e. there was no other way, everyone else was doing, I was living in the West, etc.)

    And Hell will be brought near that Day. On that Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance (then) avail him? (Al-Fajr 89:23)

  9. Umm Talha Says:

    When I was making my decision to leave the mixed-university setting (due to evidence from the Qur’an + Sunnah + Examples from the Salaf + Explanations from Scholars) there were several verses that I kept coming back to:

    ______________________________________________________________

    NO OPTION IN SUBMISSION:

    ~ It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allâh and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allâh and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a plain error. (Al-Ahzab 33:36)
    ______________________________________________________________

    ALLAH IS AR-RAZZAQ

    ~ And whosoever fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine (At-Talaq 65:2-3)

    _______________________________________________________________

    NOT DESPAIRING OF THE MERCY OF ALLAH:

    ~ [Ibrâhim] said: “And who despairs of the Mercy of his Lord except those who are astray?” (Al-Hijr 15:56)

  10. Umm_Aadam1429 Says:

    Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullah. Whilst i agree with the points umm talha has brought forward, i must question “make your intention to make hijrah (and work for it)?! where is the practicality in that? work towards making hijrah how??? for hijrah, one needs money, a lot of it in fact to secure a safe settlement for one’s family… how do u make that money wen almost all avenues towards that is in free mixing evironments? and it would be pathetic to say/advice anyone to rely on the government’s free money to make hijrah however sadly to say that’s exactly wat majority of our salafi brothers and sisters are doing!in the field of EDUCATION, shaykh falah ismaeel has said that it is permissable to go into institutions wer free mixing is unavoidable during a q&a session at masjid salafiah, birmingham, 2007. because even in the arab world, save ksa, it is the same case as the western world.

  11. Bint Abdir Rahman Says:

    I agree with Umm Aadam. Sisters how can we work for hijrah? Alhamdullilah I have finished college now anyway but I am wary about university, what if my intention is to gain a midwifery degree and make hijrah then with this profession and work in a womens hospital?

    I’m confused because I don’t think its possible to have enough money to make hijrah or even live without free-mixing!

    JazakAllahu Khayran.

  12. Umm Uthaymeen Says:

    Umm Adam your comment “make your intention to make hijrah (and work for it)?! where is the practicality in that?”, basicaly fundamental islamic teachings explain that… “Actions are but by intentions, and every man will get that which he intended, he who migrates for the sake of Allah and His Messenger, then his migration was for Allah & His Messenger, and he whose migration was to achieve some worldy benefit or to take some woman in marriage, his migration was for that which he migrated.” Said by the Messenger of Allah Sallilahu Alayhi Wasalaam on the authority of Umar Bin Khattab Radiallahu Anhu, Related by Bukhari & Muslim… So if you make your intention pure then you shall be judged based upon your intention…like it is clearly articulated in the above hadith… Subhan’Allah i have never seen such excuses from Muslim females, I mean we are blessed to have the faith of Islam whereas Allah has let other fall astray and we are trying to bend and change islamic ruling to accomidate ourselves? I personally dont know Shaykh Faisal, but just because it happens in the arab world doesnt mean that it automatically because Halal, its not imevitable… snow in anartica is inevitable, moving to another country and practising your secular education isnt… And the whole issue of Money? Are we not satisfied as Allah as our Wakeel? Tell me, Did the Muhajireen have money when they up and left Mekkah to make hijrah with the Prophet Sallilahu Alayhi Wasalaam… some only took what they hand on them and made the journey, some by camel others by foot… Allah mentions in the quran that for every hardship there is relief… Bint Abdir Rahmaan and Umm Adam, do you not see that this is a trail upon you? that Allah is testing you? Who is going to realize this haram act of intermingling and make Tawbah… ??? For we all have to make Tawbah…

  13. Bint Abdir Rahman Says:

    Jazakilahu khayr sister Umm Uthaymeen .

    I hope Allah forgives us ameen.

    I was just stating that although I am eager to make hijrah, currently I do not work and I am wary of going a mixed university (they are all mixed) where I live. I have no income at the moment and I my parents who are old need money, I am trying to look for a suitable job but it difficult!

    I cant see myself walking to make hijrah like in the time of the Prophet salalahu alyhi wasalaam.

    Inshallah A ll make a way.

  14. When a person moves out and goes into an atmosphere of such evil and fitna then the shaythans undertakes sustained attacks from all angles and it gets worse as time goes on! Especially as the girl will have no mahrams around and isn’t it in islam that a girl can only travel and live out with a mahram?

    If one can travel to and from university then that would be the best for a person! Providing the university is at a travelable distance!(don’t know if that word travelable exists)

    In Abu Daoud, V.4, Hadith No. 5274, it is narrated upon the authority of Abu Usay Ansari that he heard the Messenger Muhammad (saw) say when he saw people mixing together in the street, “O men and women separate yourselves, it is not allowed for you to be in the same place.”

    Haram relationships, affairs and flings etc begin from first the intermingling of the sexes! And it may start off with innocent friendships but ends with both people getting terribly hurt especially women! And people may end up doing things that they later regret! A lot of the times guys and girls end up having so called “innocent friendships” and inevitably end up getting very close to each other because a guy and a girl can never be friends only because shaythan is always third party!

    In Muslim and Abu Daoud, it is narrated that the Messenger Muhammad (saw) said: “Whenever a man and a women are alone shaytan is with them.”

    Then when they are too close to each other they may end up doing regrettable things! These things happen especially in places like universities where there is too much freedom and evil influence all over the place and the free mixing of sexes! PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE! Why put ourselves in the situation in the first place where haraam may occur?

    Ive heard of many cases of men stalking girls at university! How is a women supposed to protect herself if she happens to be unlucky enough to either be stalked or even attacked by a pest or a drunk male student? In the vicinity of the university their are always predators around looking for prey and they do target vulnerable women! How is a women going to protect herself from these possible threats? Isn’t this the reason that it is haram for a women to travel out so far alone? and to live out alone? She has to be with a mahram!

  15. Mustafa bin Ahamad Says:

    Shaykh ibnu Baz on Mixing in University
    [audio src="http://www.ibnbaz.org.sa/audio/noor/021709.mp3" /]

  16. Umm Layth Says:

    Subhan’Allaah, this life is too short to be even disputing in such matters wa Allahu ‘Alim!! I agree university’s in the west are full of FITNAH!! May Allaah make it easy for the ummah to live and practice their religions without getting confused and brainwashed in such societies Ameen!!

  17. Bint Abdullah Says:

    Assalamu alaikum,

    what i desperately need to know is, if a sister can not practise her deen and fears for her iman and sanity can she leave the west or the place where she is, even though she doesnt have a mahram to travel with? Or is she meant to to stay there although her iman and sanity is at stake.

    any replies with daleel is appreciated.

    wa alaikum salam warahmantulahi wabatkatu

  18. assalamu alaikum

    does any one know any reliable studying places in ‘adn (yemen)

    wassalam

  19. Genaral Advice Concerning Hijrah
    Indeed all praise is for Allah we praise him and we seek his Aid and Forgiveness and may peace and prayers be upon the messenger of Allah…

    As for what follows: It seems to me from what I have been reading that some serious advice is needed to those who seeking “HIJRAH” or at the very least are considering relocating to another country.

    1. Hijrah is a religious obligation upon those who have the ability who live in a land of disbelief or a land in which the corruption is prevalent. It should be kept in mind that Hijrah is an act of worship so it must be done sincerely for Allah.

    2.Making Hijrah may include moving from one kaafir country or place to another kaafir country that is less in opposition to Islam then the country that they live in as was done by the companions in their first hijrah from Makka to Habasha.

    3. Hijrah may also include moving from one Muslim country to another fleeing from oppression or corruption or other than that.

    4. It is not a condition in Hijrah that a person lives at the same or better level they were living in before they left as was the situation with the many of the companion after they were wealthy in Makka and other than that in Madeenah. And Allah revealed in that respect: (Say: If your fathers or sons or brothers or wives or family members of wealth in which you love or the business in which you fear a decline and dwellings in which you take pleasure in are more beloved to you the Allah and his messenger and striving in the way of Allah then wait until Allah brings about his decision and Allah does not guide a rebellious people) {Tauba<24} Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab explains that this ayah was sent down after the Ansaar had accepted Islam so the Prophet ordered everyone that remained in Makka to make Hijrah so some didn't fearing that which was mentioned in the ayah so after the second year came, Allah ordered the Muslim with Jihaad so the Muslims of Madeenah marched forth for the battle of Badr and those who had lagged behind were hiding their Islam so they came out along with the Kufaar pretending they were with them but there weren't. And as is well known there were no hypocrites in the ummah during this time, anyway the Shaykh went on to explain that some of those individuals were killed by stray arrows and when the companions heard about their deaths the felt sad and said: "We killed our brothers" so Allah sent down the ayah (Indeed those whom the Angels take their souls while they are wronging themselves (by residing amongst the disbelievers after hijrah was made an obligation) they say to them: What was your condition? They respond: We were weak and oppressed in the land. The Angels say: Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to make hijrah? Such will find their abode in the hell fire and what an evil destination.) The Shaykh then said: If this was the was Allah dealt with those who were foremost in entering Islam, then what about other than them?!) {Nisaa: 97}

    3.Some people are not obligated to make Hijrah do to real inability but each individual has to assess his own situation as Allah said; (Fear Allah as much as you are able). {Tagaabun16} As well as Allah’s statement concerning hijra (Except for the men women and children who are really weak and oppressed who do not have the ability to devise a plan nor find a way, as for these Allah will forgive them for Allah is indeed often pardoning all forgiving) {Nisaa 98} Al Hafith ibn Katheer said; Ibn Abbas said: My mother and I were amongst the weak in oppressed.

    4. Each individual should try to get in touch with a major Scholar and explain their situation in detail including their fears weaknesses and vices that affect their situation and not rely on a general ruling that may or may not apply to their situation.

    5. The people must also realize that the Arab countries are not the only Muslim countries so hijrah is to were the people are Muslim not to were they are Arab, Lebanon for instance is a Arab Christian country so no one is trying to go there.

    6. The goal of Hijrah is to be in a place were you can worship Allah at your best even if you never learn Arabic or memorize the Quran.

    7.Some people were poor or just getting by while living in disbelieving countries and reject living that way in a Muslim country which is absurd indeed the Prophet said in a hadeeth that was reported by Imam Muslim (There are three that Allah wont look at on the day of judgment nor purify them and for them is a painful and from amongst them he mentioned the arrogant poor person.

    8. The problems of racism or sexism or other than that from the obstacles people face exist in those kaafir countries that were abandoned so that is not a reason to return to or remain in a place that has just as many evil along with the evil of all evils which is Shirk.

    9. A person might need to make hijrah step by step as Shaykh Abdur Rahman Sady said: That which leads to a thing or is needed to fulfill an act takes the ruling of that thing or act, so that which is needed to fulfill an obligation is an obligation and that which is needed to fulfill a recommendation is recommended and that which is needed to commit a haram act is haram and that which is needed to commit a disliked act is likewise disliked.

    Last but not least I ask Allah to grant us all sincerity and doing that which he loves and is pleased with and correct the affairs of the Muslims in general our Rulers our Scholars our Men our Women and our Children Amiin!

  20. Umm Maryam Says:

    Asalaamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh, I just wanted to point out to umm uthaymeen may Allaah reward you ameen.

    However, the situation of the sisters above is not an excuse its REALITY! Personally, I took a break from education because of the fitnah and the fear of sinning. However, what I found was that my situation was worse because there was no income coming my way save the governments aid. Sub7anAllaah! Okay, I tried ways to avoid this..looking for jobs..interviews…maybe setting up a business but all of this was out of my control and when I looked at my situation I wanted to cry because I was farther and farther away from my goal. No one is saying they are impatient, rather all of us face diffrerent trials. I had made dua’a and really tried! Everyone is different sisters, You may find it easier to live in a kufr land and be patient but others are NOT! You cannot speak for everyone.
    Like brother abu fudayl mentioned, EVERY INDIVIDUAL should speak to a scholar about their situation inshaaAllah.

    Allaah does not burden a soul more than it can bear. Now alhamdulilah I am near to finishing my degree and hopefully a whole lot more closer to leaving this country feesabililaah!

    Alhamdullillah!!

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